Rytwiany - report, 12–15 VII 2012

Report on the Rytwiany conference

Kategorie: conferences, organised under the Project | Dodano: 16 July 2012 Dodane przez: Mateusz

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Conference report available here.

Rytwiany conference – day one

The conference began at 16.30 in the conference room of Hotel Rytwiany. The speakers and guests were welcomed by Prof Marek Derwich, chair of the Organising Committee and president of the Wrocław Friends of History Society, branch of the Polish Historical Society. After the introduction M. Derwich presented the main premises, objectives and methods of the National Programme for the Development of Humanities projectCultural heritage of dissolved monasteries on the territory of former Poland and in Silesia in 18th and 19th centuries: fate, significance, cataloguing. M. Derwich presented the team coordinating the project and invited the conference participants to collaborate on it.
This was followed by the first session chaired by Prof Tomasz Ciesielski. The following papers were delivered:

  • Marian Kanior, Końcowe dzieje męskich klasztorów mniszych pod zaborem rosyjskim [The final days of male monasteries in the territories annexed by Russia]
  • Piotr Paweł Gach, Przyczyny i rezultaty kasat zakonnych w Cesarstwie Rosyjskim w latach 1832–1843 [Causes and effects of the dissolution of monasteries in the Russian Empire in 1832–1843]
  • Irena Wodzianowska “Rozpatrywałem z przyjemnością”. Ukaz carski o “zniesieniu niektórych klasztorów rzymskokatolickich” z 19 VII 1832 r. [“I considered it with pleasure.” The tsar’s ukase on “the dissolution of some Roman Catholic monasteries” of 19 July 1832]
  • F. Aleksander Krzysztof Sitnik OFM, Udział bernardynów w Powstaniu Listopadowym i popowstaniowe losy klasztorów [The participation of Franciscan Observants (Bernardines) in the November Uprising and the post-uprising fate of the monasteries]
  • Marek Miławicki OP, Udział dominikanów w Powstaniu Listopadowym na ziemiach zachodnich Cesarstwa Rosyjskiego i represje władz carskich [The participation of the Dominicans in the November Uprising in the western provinces of the Russian Empire and repressions of the tsarist authorities]
  • Irena Wodzianowska, Rozporządzenia władz świeckich odnośnie majątku nieruchomego skasowanych klasztorów w guberniach kijowskiej, podolskiej, wołyńskiej w latach 1832–1834 [Ordinances of the secular authorities concerning immovable property of dissolved monasteries in the governorates of Kiev, Podolia and Volhynia in 1832–1834]

After their presentation T. Ciesielski pointed to the basic issues relating to the significance and motives of the dissolutions, and started a discussion. In addition to asking the speakers detailed questions, the participants raised a number of important methodological problems associated with the study of the dissolutions of monasteries and their consequences. Piotr Paweł Gach noted that in this type of studies it was not enough to draw on one type of accounts, and that reports by governors general and tsars’ ukases should be compared with other sources dealing with the take-over of monastery churches. He also pointed to the necessity of a typological approach to the dissolutions of monasteries, which would make comparative studies possible. In addition, P. Gach congratulated M. Derwich on the idea of the conference and the project, which brought together hitherto isolated initiatives and coordinated research.
Referring to the papers delivered, M. Derwich said that the dissolutions had been carried out whenever the authorities could hope for society’s consent to them. He also talked about the need to combine synthetic and analytical methods in the research in question, and called for a return to sources, especially dissolution-related material and official documents, as well as – given the vastness of the source material – for the application of surveys. Day one ended with a dinner for all conference participants.

Day two

The first morning session was chaired by Piotr Paweł Gach. The following papers were delivered during that session:

  • Małgorzata Kośka, Działalność delegacji polskiej w Komisji Mieszanej Specjalnej (1921–1927) w zakresie rewindykacji zbiorów archiwalnych i bibliotecznych [The work of the Polish delegation in the Special Mixed Commission (1921–1927) dealing with the restitution of archive and library collections]
  • Waldemar Rozynkowski, Powstanie bezhabitowego zgromadzenia sióstr serafitek- jako przykład reakcji na represje wobec zakonów w zaborze rosyjskim [The emergence of the habitless congregation of the Daughters of Our Lady of Sorrows as an example of reaction to repressions against monasteries in the territories annexed by Russia]
  • Jerzy Kuzicki, Zakonnicy z klasztorów położonych na tzw. ziemiach zabranych jako uczestnicy Wielkiej Emigracji(1831–1863) [Monks from the monasteries of the so-called Taken Lands as participants in the Great Emigration (1831–1863)]
  • Tomasz Ciesielski, Stan zachowania i wykorzystanie budynków poklasztornych w guberni wołyńskiej w latach 70. [The condition and use of former monastery buildings in the Volhynia Governorate in the 1870s]

At the end of the session P. Gach summed up the topics presented and pointed to the significance of the projectCultural heritage of dissolved monasteries…, which posed many important and hitherto unresolved research questions. During the discussion the first to take the floor was Roland Prejs, who informed Jerzy Kuzicki that the monastic mentioned by him in his paper, Romanowski, had been transferred to Winnica in an act of repression. Speaking about the dissolved monasteries in Lutsk, W. Rosowski added that the fact that the buildings were left unused after the dissolution may have been because most of them were almost completely destroyed in fires raging in Lutsk in that period. M. Derwich noted that M. Kośka’s paper showed the proper extent of the research into repressions against monasteries and its scale. He also reminded the participants that the dissolutions in a way necessitated some measures, e.g. clandestine congregations, but also that the dissolutions were not in all respects as radical as in Western Europe, where, for example in France, hostility to the Church was so great that many monastic buildings were virtually razed to the ground. P. Gach pointed to the need for the appropriate scholarly terminology as well as methods for presenting and visualising the data collected surveys of library and archive holdings.
The next session was chaired by Waldemar Rozynkowski.The following papers were delivered:

  • Ryszard Mączyński, Powstaniowe i popowstaniowe losy warszawskich pijarów (1830–1866) [The history of Warsaw Piarists during and after the uprisings (1830–1866)]
  • Witalij Rosowski, Kasata rzymskokatolickich klasztorów 1832 roku na Podolu, Wołyniu i Kijowszczyźnie: przyczyna, przebieg, skutki [The 1832 dissolution of Roman Catholic monasteries in Podolia, Volhynia and the Kiev region: causes, course and effects]
  • Grzegorz Pisarski, Śląskie echa ukazu carskiego o kasatach klasztorów z 1832 r. [Silesian echoes of the tsar’s ukase on the dissolution of monasteries of 1832]
  • Emilia Ziółkowska, Działalność budowniczych rządowych w świetle likwidacji klasztorów rzymskokatolickich po 1831 roku [The work of government constructors in the light of the dissolution of Roman Catholic monasteries after 1831]
  • Rev Franciszek Wolnik, Sekularyzacja opactwa cysterskiego w Wistyczach [The secularisation of the Cistercian Abbey in Wistycze]

The subsequent discussion focused on detailed issues stemming from the papers delivered by the speakers.
The first afternoon session was chaired by Fr Roland Prejs OFMCap.
The following papers were delivered:

  • Anna Szylar, Bernardynki lubelskie i ich klasztor (1832–1864–1885) [The Bernardine Nuns of Lublin and their monastery (1832–1864–1885)]
  • Zdzisław Włodarczyk, Polityka władz wobec zgromadzeń zakonnych w Prusach Południowych 1793–1806 [The government’s policy towards religious orders in Southern Prussia in 1793–1806]
  • Janusz Królikowski, Kasaty klasztorów trynitarskich na terenie zaboru rosyjskiego [The dissolutions of Trinitarian monasteries in the territories annexed by Russia]
  • Anna Gąsior, Klasztor Trynitarzy w Krywiczach i jego losy [The Trinitarian Monastery in Krywicze and its fate]
  • Mirosława Sobczyńska-Szczepańska, Losy potrynitarskich zespołów architektonicznych z terenu zaboru rosyjskiego [The history of the former Trinitarian architectural complexes in the territories annexed by Russia]

During the discussion that followed, the speakers answered many detailed questions.
The last session that day was moderated by Janusz Królikowski.
The following papers were delivered:

  • Czesław Hadamik, Porozbiorowe losy klasztoru wizytek w Lublinie (1809–1918) [Post-partition history of the Convent of the Visitation Sisters in Lublin (1809–1918)] (communication paper)
  • Zbigniew Grzegorz Jędrychowski, Dlaczego w roku 1831 zlikwidowano dominikańską szkołę w Nowogródku? [Why was the Dominican school in Navahrudak closed down in 1831?]
  • Roland Prejs OFMCap, Kasata klasztorów kapucynów na ziemiach zabranych – pokasacyjne losy kapucynów [The dissolution of Capuchin monasteries in the Taken Lands – the post-dissolution fate of the Capuchins]
  • Denis Rusnak, Monastery bazylianów w Wielkim Księstwie Litewskim na początku XIX w. [Basilian monasteries in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the early 19th century]
  • Iwona Pietrzkiewicz, Działalność komitetów do podziału bibliotek poklasztornych na terenie guberni północno-zachodnich byłego WKL po powstaniu listopadowym [The activity of committees for the distribution of former monastic libraries in the north-western governorates of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania after the November Uprising]

This was followed by an interesting discussion concerning detailed problems relating to the issues raised in the papers. The discussion was continued after the session, also during the special dinner.

Days three and four

The first Saturday session was chaired by Prof. Ryszard Mączyński. The following papers were delivered:

  • Elżbieta Bylinowa, Dokumentowanie strat bibliotek klasztornych na przykładzie księgozbioru kanoników regularnych laterańskich z Mstowa [Documenting the losses of monastic libraries as evidenced by the book collection of the Canons Regular of the Lateran from Mstów]
  • Marianna Czapnik, Wędrówka starych druków proweniencji klasztornej z warszawskiej biblioteki uniwersyteckiej po Powstaniu Listopadowym – historia i informacja o ujawnionych egzemplarzach [The wanderings of early printed books of monastic provenance from the Warsaw University Library after the November Uprising – the story and information about the known volumes]
  • Marek Derwich, Losy księgozbioru wywiezionego przez B.S. Linde z dawnego opactwa benedyktynów na Łysej Górze po 1831 roku [The fate of the library collection taken by B.S. Linde from the former Benedictine Abbey on Łysa Góra after 1831]
  • Anna Dymmel, Z dziejów księgozbioru lubelskiego klasztoru Bonifratrów. Darowizna doktora Józefa Szteina dla Bonifratrów lubelskich w 1830 r. i dalsze losy biblioteki [The history of the library of the Monastery of the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God in Lublin. Dr. Józef Sztein’s gift for the Brothers Hospitallers in Lublin in 1830 and the subsequent fate of the library]
  • Małgorzata Milecka, Iwona Brankiewicz, Ewelina Widelska, Klasztor benedyktynek w Drohiczynie – ewolucja przekształceń przestrzennych zespołu klasztornego po ukazie carskim z 17 VII 1832 r. [The Benedictine Convent in Drohiczyn – the evolution of its spatial transformations after the tsar’s ukase of 17 July 1832]
  • Jerzy Kaliszuk, Średniowieczne rękopisy w przedwojennym zasobie Biblioteki Narodowej jako przedmiot badań [Medieval manuscripts from the pre-war collections of the National Library of as a subject of study]
  • Agnieszka Fluda-Krokos, Losy biblioteki puławskiej Czartoryskich w świetle rękopisów dotyczących majątku rezydencji z lat 1830–1878 (ze zbiorów Biblioteki Książąt Czartoryskich) [The history of the Czartoryski library in Puławy in the light of manuscripts dealing with the residence property in 1830–1878 (from the collection of the Princes Czartoryski Library)]
  • Andrzej Kwaśniewski, Księgi liturgiczne zachowane w bibliotece bożogrobców w Miechowie (XVII–VIII w.) [Surviving liturgical books from the library of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in Miechów (17–18 century)]
  • Krzysztof Mastykarz, Zbiory archiwalne w Archiwum Diecezji Kieleckiej w Kielcach dotyczące klasztorów męskich i żeńskich w XIX wieku [Archive documents dealing with male and female monasteries in the 19th century in the Archives of the Diocese of Kielce]

During the discussion after the presentation of the papers the speakers answered questions concerning the results of their studies.
The last session was chaired by Anna Szylar. The following papers were delivered:

  • Maria Pidłypczak-Majerowicz, Straty bibliotek zakonnych w wyniku represji po powstaniu listopadowym [Monastic libraries’ losses resulting from repressions after the November Uprising]
  • Robert Stępień, Losy zbiorów poklasztornych benedyktynów z Sieciechowa po 1819 roku [The fate of former monastic collections of the Benedictines of Sieciechów after 1819]
  • Angelika Modlińska-Piekarz, Rękopisy po klasztorach skasowanych i materiały na temat kasat klasztornych w zbiorach rękopiśmiennych Biblioteki Uniwersyteckiej KUL [Manuscripts from dissolved monasteries and documents concerning dissolutions of monasteries in the manuscript collection of the Library of the Catholic University of Lublin]
  • Cezary Jastrzębski, Dwukrotna kasata klasztoru w Piotrkowicach w pierwszej połowie XIX wieku [The two dissolutions of the monastery in Piotrkowice in the first half of the 19th century]

After the discussion concerning the last papers, Roland Prejs summed up the entire conference. He noted that the collections referred to as material heritage of the dissolved monasteries were incomplete and dispersed, but, as the conference showed, not as modest as could be suspected. Consequently, they are certainly worthy of further, in-depth studies, like the so-called spiritual heritage, a research problem on its own, undoubtedly deserving to be analysed.
At the end M. Derwich thanked the conference participants, encouraging them at the same time to collaborate with him on the project, and to publish their papers in theHereditas Monasteriorum journal and the “Spiritual Heritage” series.
After listening to an interesting introduction of the Sunday tour, prepared by Cezary Jastrzębski, the participants went to the Golden Forest Hermitage, where they were able to see a dissolved Camaldolese monastery.
The last element of the conference was a tour of nearby dissolved monasteries. On Sunday the participants were able to visit a former Cistercisn monastery in Koprzywnica, see several monasteries in Sandomierz (Dominican monastery, and former monasteries: of the Jesuits, of the Order of the Holy Ghost, of the Reformati and the Benedictines), visit the local cathedral and, courtesy of the director of the Diocesan Museum in Sandomierz, one of the project collaborators, see some exhibits from the dissolved monastery of the Benedictine Nuns.

Print publications:

In preparation, expected date of publication – 2017.

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